ASEAN Heart Journal

, 24:8

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Impact of Chronic Kidney Insufficiency on Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients that Undergo Coronary Revascularization: A Historical Review

  • Koh Choong HouAffiliated withDepartment of Cardiovascular Medicine, National Heart Centre Singapore Email author 
  • , Kenny Sin Yoong KongAffiliated withDepartment of Cardiothoracic Surgery, National Heart Centre Singapore
  • , Terence Kee Yi ShernAffiliated withDepartment of Renal Medicine, Singapore General Hospital
  • , Jack Tan Wei ChiehAffiliated withDepartment of Cardiovascular Medicine, National Heart Centre Singapore


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with poorer short and long-term cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Even after the commencement of haemodialysis in end stage renal failure patients, mortality exceeds 20% in the first year1. More than 50% of these deaths are contributed by cardiovascular diseases (CVD), of which 20% are caused by acute myocardial infarction2. Consequent to these findings, the degree and impact of coronary revascularization on CKD patients represents a clinical challenge, especially in the setting of advanced stages of CKD.


Chronic Kidney Disease Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Chronic Kidney Disease Patient Ticagrelor Bare Metal Stents