Article

Journal of Engineering Research

, 2:9

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Study of surface morphology and optical characterization of crystalline and multi-crystalline silicon surface textured in highly diluted alkaline solutions

  • Ali T. HajjiahAffiliated withElectrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University Email author 
  • , Suji K ZachariahAffiliated withElectrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University
  • , Moustafa Y. GhannamAffiliated withElectrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering and Petroleum, Kuwait University

Abstract

In this work, alkaline texturing of (100) crystalline Si and multicrystalline Si wafers in diluted KOH solution leading to pyramidal structures is studied as a function of the etching temperature. The surface morphology is investigated using Atomic Force Microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy and the surface reflectance is measured by spectrophotometry in the wavelength range 200-1200 nm. It is found that etching in diluted 1% KOH solution leads to incomplete surface texturing when the etching temperature is equal to 70°C. The optimum etching temperature is found to be in the range 80-85°C which results in a minimum surface reflectance for crystalline silicon covered with an antireflection coating of 0.8%, with a uniform distribution over a wider wavelength range for samples that received a saw damage removal in 30% KOH solution prior to texturing. On the other hand, the optimum etching temperature shifts to the higher range 85-95°C for multicrystalline silicon surface with a minimum reflectance of 4.6% with ARC.

Keywords:

Surface texturing Alkaline texturing Silicon solar cell Front surface reflectance Anti-reflection coating