Article

Journal of Engineering Research

, 3:1

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Analysis of air pollution emission patterns in the vicinity of oil refineries in Kuwait

  • Amir AlhaddadAffiliated withChemical Engineering Department, Kuwait University Email author 
  • , Hisham EttouneyAffiliated withChemical Engineering Department, Kuwait University
  • , Samiya SaqerAffiliated withChemical Engineering Department, Kuwait University

Abstract

This study focuses on the assessment and analysis of air pollution in the vicinity of oil refineries in Kuwait. The emission inventory obtained for oil refineries was used to predict pollutant concentrations and distributions using the AERMOD software (V5.1), Industrial Source Complex Short-Term model (ISCST3). Pollutant concentrations and meteorological parameters were measured at 5-minutes intervals for 24 hours/day in three regions. The first region was in the Fahaheel residential area (north of the oil refineries), the second region was in the Umm Alhyman residential area (south of the oil refineries), and the third region was in the Ahmadi residential area (northwest of the oil refineries). The measured concentrations of all pollutants are higher than the predicted concentrations generated by the refinery emissions, which is attributed to the effect of other pollution sources, e.g., traffic, power plants, and oil fields. Analysis showed that the strongest contribution comes from the oil fields, followed by traffic or oil refineries.

Keywords:

Emission inventory; ISCST3 model; oil refinery.