Article

Türk Fizyoterapi ve Rehabilitasyon Dergisi/Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation

, 24:2

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

A comparison of reaction times between adolescents with visual and auditory impairment and those without any impairment

  • Necmiye Ün yildirimAffiliated withAbant Izzet Baysal University, Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation School Email author 
  • , Nuriye ÖzenginAffiliated withAbant Izzet Baysal University, Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation School
  • , Asuman ÖztürkAffiliated withAbant Izzet Baysal University, Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation School
  • , Özlem Çinar özdemirAffiliated withAbant Izzet Baysal University, Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation School
  • , Meral SertelAffiliated withAbant Izzet Baysal University, Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation School
  • , Seren Düzenli öztürkAffiliated withDepartment of Interdisciplinary Neuro Science, Ankara University, Health Science Institute

Abstract

Purpose:

The aim of this study was to compare the auditory and visual reaction times of adolescents with auditory and visual impairment and those of controls without any impairment in order to investigate whether adolescents who lack one sense have an enhanced ability with the other.

Methods:

A total of 64 adolescents with auditory impairment, 60 adolescents with visual impairment, and 59 controls without impairment, were included in the study. Visually impaired adolescents simple auditory reaction times, auditory impaired adolescents simple visual reaction time, and the controls visual and auditory simple reaction times were evaluated with the New Test 100.

Results:

While no statistically significant difference was found between auditory reaction times of controls and visually impaired adolescents (p>0.05), a significant difference was observed in visual reaction times of controls and auditory impaired adolescents (p<0.05).

Conclusion:

The reason why auditory impaired adolescents have longer simple reaction times could result from peripheral or central stimulation, changes in input processing in the cerebrum and their focus on lip reading and sign language compared to visually impaired adolescents.

Key words

Reaction time Visually impaired Auditory impaired

Görme engelli, işitme engelli ve sağlikli adelosanlarin reaksiyon zamanlarinin karşilaştirilmasi