Original article


, 4:17

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Effect of wild bitter gourd treatment on inflammatory responses in BALB/c mice with sepsis

  • Shin-You CiouAffiliated withDepartment of Nutrition, China Medical University
  • , Cheng-Chin HsuAffiliated withDepartment of Nutrition, Chung Shan Medical University
  • , Yueh-Hsiung KuoAffiliated withDepartment of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences and Chinese Medicine Resources, China Medical UniversityDepartment of Biotechnology, Asia University
  • , Che-Yi ChaoAffiliated withDepartment of Health and Nutrition Biotechnology, Asia University Email author 


Background/Introduction: Wild bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L. var. abbreviate Seringe) common vegetable in Asia, is used in traditional medicine to treat various diseases, including inflammation. Extant literature indicates that wild bitter gourds have components that activate PPARα and PPARγ. This research probed influence of adding wild bitter gourd to diets on inflammation responses in mice with sepsis.

Purpose: This study evaluated influence of eating wild bitter gourd on inflammation responses in mice with sepsis.

Methods: We injected intraperitoneal LPS to induce sepsis. Male BALB/c mice were divided normal, sepsis, positive control, and three experimental groups. The latter ate diets with low (1%), moderate (2%), and high (10%) ratios of wild bitter gourd lyophilized powder. Before mice were sacrificed, with the exception of the normal group, intraperitoneal injection of LPS induced sepsis in each group; positive control group was injected with LPS after PDTC.

Results: This experiment revealed weights in groups with added wild bitter gourd starkly lower than those of the remaining groups. Blood lipids (TG, cholesterol, and NEFA) were also lower in comparison to the sepsis group, and blood glucose concentrations recovered and approached normal levels. Blood biochemistry values related to inflammation reactions indicated GOT, GPT, C-RP, and NO concentrations of groups with wild bitter gourd added all lower than that of the sepsis group. Secretion levels of the spleen pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-α tallied significantly lower in comparison to the sepsis group, whereas secretion levels of IL-10 anti-inflammatory cytokine increased. Expression level of proteins NF-κB, iNOS, and COX-2 were inhibited significantly.

Conclusion: Wild bitter gourd in diets promoted lipid metabolism, improved low blood glucose in sepsis, and attenuated inflammatory stress. These findings suggested that this plant food might provide medical benefits for certain persons.


Wild bitter gourd; Sepsis, Inflammation; LPSP; PARs