Original article

BioMedicine

, 5:4

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Irisflorentin improves α-synuclein accumulation and attenuates 6-OHDA-induced dopaminergic neuron degeneration, implication for Parkinson’s disease therapy

  • Yue-Mi ChenAffiliated withGraduate Institute of Immunology, China Medical University
  • , Shih-Ping LiuAffiliated withGraduate Institute of Immunology, China Medical UniversityCenter for Neuropsychiatry, China Medical University Hospital
  • , Hsin-Lien LinAffiliated withGraduate Institute of Immunology, China Medical University
  • , Ming-Chia ChanAffiliated withGraduate Institute of Immunology, China Medical University
  • , Yen-Chuan ChenAffiliated withGraduate Institute of Immunology, China Medical University
  • , Yu-Ling HuangAffiliated withGraduate Institute of Immunology, China Medical University
  • , Min-Chen TsaiAffiliated withGraduate Institute of Immunology, China Medical University
  • , Ru-Huei FuAffiliated withGraduate Institute of Immunology, China Medical UniversityCenter for Neuropsychiatry, China Medical University Hospital Email author 

Abstract

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that is characterized by progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta as well as motor impairment. Aggregation of α-synuclein in neuronal cells plays a key role in this disease. At present, therapeutics for PD provides moderate symptomatic benefits, but it is not able to delay the development of the disease. Current efforts toward the treatment of PD are to identify new drugs that slow or arrest the progressive course of PD by interfering with a disease-specific pathogenetic process in PD patients. Irisflorentin derived from the roots of Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC. is an herb which has been used for the treatment of inflammatory disorders in traditional Chinese medicine. The purpose of the present study was to assess the potential for irisflorentin to ameliorate PD in Caenorhabditis elegans models. Our data reveal that irisflorentin prevents α-synuclein accumulation in the transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans model and also improves dopaminergic neuron degeneration, food-sensing behavior, and life-span in a 6-hydroxydopamine-induced Caenorhabditis elegans model, thus indicating its potential as a anti-parkinsonian drug candidate. Irisflorentin may exert its effects by promoting rpn-3 expression to enhance the activity of proteasomes and down-regulating egl-1 expression to block apoptosis pathways. These findings encourage further investigation on irisflorentin as a possible potent agent for PD treatment.

Keywords:

Irisflorentin; Parkinson’s disease; Caenorhabditis elegans; Dopaminergic neurons; α-Synuclein