Original article


, 5:5

First online:

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Lipopolysaccharide-promoted proliferation of Caco-2 cells is mediated by c-Src induction and ERK activation

  • Tsung-Yao LinAffiliated withInstitute of Biochemistry, Chung Shan Medical University
  • , Chiung-Wen FanAffiliated withInstitute of Biochemistry, Chung Shan Medical University
  • , Ming-Chei MaaAffiliated withInstitute of Medical Science, China Medical University Email author 
  • , Tzeng-Horng LeuAffiliated withDepartment of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Email author 


As a major component of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can be released into the bloodstream to cause a spectrum of pathophysiological reactions. Despite the fact that colon epithelium cells in situ are continuously exposed to LPS, their biological responses as provoked by LPS as well as the underlying mechanisms are poorly defined. In the present study, we observed that LPS directly stimulated growth of Caco-2 cells as well as enhanced the amounts of c-Src, which could be partly attributable to increased c-src transcript. Parallel to LPS-induced c-Src expression was FAK activation and ERK activation. Remarkably, activation of ERK and cellular proliferation by LPS could be inhibited by PP2, the specific Src inhibitor, implicating the essential role of c-Src in this process. To our knowledge, this is the first report indicating that LPS can increase cellular growth via upregulation of c-Src in colon epithelial cells.


LPS; Caco-2; c-Src; ERK