Case report

BioMedicine

, 6:24

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Cryotherapy: A viable tool to remove broncholiths under flexible bronchoscopy

  • Sabrina N. CampbellAffiliated withDepartment of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Carilion Clinic/Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine Email author 
  • , Deepa LalaAffiliated withSalem VA Medical Center
  • , Edmundo RubioAffiliated withDepartment of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Carilion Clinic/Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine

Abstract

Broncholithiasis is the presence of calcific material within the tracheobronchial tree. Asymptomatic patients can be managed with observation only, whereas symptomatic disease requires surgery, rigid or flexible bronchoscopic removal. Recent reports have shown that flexible bronchoscopy can be a safe and effective option for removal of loose in addition to partially imbedded broncholiths. We present a case of a 65-yearold man with chronic cough that underwent successful cryotherapy assisted bronchoscopic removal of an imbedded broncholith. We will also review current literature regarding the management broncholithiasis.

Keywords:

Broncholithiais Broncholith Cryotherapy Lithoptysis