Review

Biomedical Research and Therapy

, 2:5

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Molecular Basis of Drug Interactions of Methotrexate, Cyclophosphamide and 5-Fluorouracil as Chemotherapeutic Agents in Cancer

  • Amit SarderAffiliated withBiotechnology and Genetic Engineering Discipline, Khulna UniversityFaculty of Life Sciences and Biotechnology,, South Asian University Email author 
  • , Md. Golam RabbaniAffiliated withBiotechnology and Genetic Engineering Discipline, Khulna UniversityJames P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University
  • , A. S. M. Homaun Kabir ChowdhuryAffiliated withBiotechnology and Genetic Engineering Discipline, Khulna University
  • , Mahbub-E SobhaniAffiliated withBiotechnology and Genetic Engineering Discipline, Khulna UniversityDepartment of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Dhaka

Abstract

At present, chemotherapy is one of the principal methods of treatment of cancer. For many years, chemotherapy is possibly the only way to control cancers that do not respond to either surgery or radiation. To date a good number of chemotherapeutic drugs have been developed which are effective in the treatment of human cancers. But, A few drugs have been known to be safe and promising. The most widely used chemotherapeutic drugs include methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, 5-fluorouracil etc. In this review, the molecular basis of drug interaction of methotrexate, cyclophosphamide and 5-fluorouracil has been studied. Understanding of the molecular basis of drug interaction of the chemotherapeutic agents is fundamental in order to enhance the clinical effectiveness of chemotherapy as well as to increase our knowledge of the cytotoxic effects of chemotherapeutic drugs. Increased understanding of the pharmacokinetics and the mechanism of action also help to develop biomodulating strategies. The boundary between the efficacy and toxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs is very narrow. So, novel approaches are needed to be formulated in order to enhance the efficacy and to minimize the toxic effects of the chemotherapeutic agents. Though a lot of information is needed to be learned and a lot of task is needed to be accomplished, chemotherapy can be the ultimate and feasible way for controlling cancers if the toxic effects of chemotherapy can be reduced or minimized.

Keywords

Methotrexate Cyclophosphamide 5-Fluorouracil Chemotherapy Cancer