Original research

Biomedical Research and Therapy

, 2:33

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Biochemical effects of Calotropis procera on hepatotoxicity

  • Ali Ismaiel Ali Abd AlrheamAffiliated withClinical Laboratory Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences (Al-Dawadmi), Shaqra UniversityNational Cancer Institute, Cairo University Email author 

Abstract

Introduction:

Calotropis procera commonly known as 'Sodom apple' is a 6-meter high shrub that belongs to the Asclepiadaceae plant family and is commonly found in West Africa and other tropical places. In Saudi Arabia the plant is commonly used in traditional medicine for the treatment of variety of diseases including fever, constipation, muscular spasm and joint pain.

Aim:

In the present study C. procera were investigated for the hepatoprotective activity.

Material and Methods:

Carbon tetrachloride is used to produce hepatotoxicity. Forty-two male albino rats, weighting 150-200 gm divided into seven groups, each consisted of 6 rats. Carbon tetrachloride 2 ml/kg was administered twice a week to all of the groups of animals except group I, which served as control and given the normal saline. Group II served as carbon tetrachloride control. Group III received Silymarin at 100 mg/kg/day dose, Group IV received aqueous leaves extracts C. procera 200 mg/kg, Group V received chloroform leaves extracts C. procera 200 mg/kg, Group VI received ethanol leaves extracts C. procera 200 mg/kg, Group VII received latex of C. procera 200 mg/kg. The effect of aqueous, chloroform, ethanol leaves extract and latex C. procera on biochemical parameters of liver was measured.

Results:

The results showed that the aqueous, chloroform, ethanol leaves extract and latex C. procera produced significant decrease in acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, total protein, albumin and total bilirubin levels compared to the CCL4 treated group II.

Conclusion:

Calotropis procera appears to have hepatoprotective activity and these may be due to enrich of the plant by phytoconstituents that activate and hence a pharmacological response of different parts of the body and this study need further studies to show the complete properties of the plant.

Keywords

Calotropis procera hepatoprotective biological activity medicinal potentials