Original Research

Biomedical Research and Therapy

, 3:29

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Umbilical cord-derived stem cells (ModulatistTM) show strong immunomodulation capacity compared to adipose tissue-derived or bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells

  • Phuc Van PhamAffiliated withLaboratory of Stem Cell Research and Application, University of Science, Vietnam National University Email author 
  • , Ngoc Vu BichAffiliated withLaboratory of Stem Cell Research and Application, University of Science, Vietnam National University
  • , Ngoc Kim Phan

Abstract

Introduction:

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show great promise in regenerative medicine. Clinical applications of MSCs have recently increased significantly, especially for immune diseases. Autologous transplantation is considered a safe therapy. However, its main disadvantages are poor stability and quality of MSCs from patient to patient, and labor-intensive and time-consuming culture procedures. Therefore, allogeneic MSC transplantation has recently emerged as a potential replacement for autologous transplantation. “Off the shelf” MSC products, or socalled “stem cell drugs”, have rapidly developed; these products have already been approved in various countries, including Canada, Korea and Japan. This study aims to evaluate a new stem cell product or “drug”, termed ModulatistTM, derived from umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs), which have strong immunomodulatory properties, compared to bone marrow-derived MSCs (BMMSCs) or adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs).

Methods:

ModulatistTMwas produced from MSCs derived from whole umbilical cord (UC) tissue (which includes Wharton’s jelly and UC), according to GMP compliant procedures. Bone marrow- and adipose tissue-derived MSCs were isolated and proliferated in standard conditions, according to GMP compliant procedures. Immunomodulation mediated by MSCs was assessed by allogenic T cell suppression and cytokine release; role of prostaglandin E2 in the immunomodulation was also evaluated.

Results:

The results showed that ModulatistTM exhibited stronger immunomodulation than BMMSC and ADSC in vitro. ModulatistTM strongly suppressed allogeneic T cells proliferation and decreased cytokine production, compared to BMMSCs and ADSCs.

Conclusion:

ModulatistTM is a strong immunomodulator and promising MSC product. It may be useful to modulate or treat autoimmune diseases.

Keywords

ModulatistTM Mesenchymal stem cell Cytokines Immunomodulation T cell suppression Stem cell drug Immune diseases