Umbilical cord-derived stem cells (ModulatistTM) show strong immunomodulation capacity compared to adipose tissue-derived or bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells
- Phuc Van PhamAffiliated withLaboratory of Stem Cell Research and Application, University of Science, Vietnam National University Email author
- , Ngoc Vu BichAffiliated withLaboratory of Stem Cell Research and Application, University of Science, Vietnam National University
- , Ngoc Kim Phan
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show great promise in regenerative medicine. Clinical applications of MSCs have recently increased significantly, especially for immune diseases. Autologous transplantation is considered a safe therapy. However, its main disadvantages are poor stability and quality of MSCs from patient to patient, and labor-intensive and time-consuming culture procedures. Therefore, allogeneic MSC transplantation has recently emerged as a potential replacement for autologous transplantation. “Off the shelf” MSC products, or socalled “stem cell drugs”, have rapidly developed; these products have already been approved in various countries, including Canada, Korea and Japan. This study aims to evaluate a new stem cell product or “drug”, termed ModulatistTM, derived from umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs), which have strong immunomodulatory properties, compared to bone marrow-derived MSCs (BMMSCs) or adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs).
ModulatistTMwas produced from MSCs derived from whole umbilical cord (UC) tissue (which includes Wharton’s jelly and UC), according to GMP compliant procedures. Bone marrow- and adipose tissue-derived MSCs were isolated and proliferated in standard conditions, according to GMP compliant procedures. Immunomodulation mediated by MSCs was assessed by allogenic T cell suppression and cytokine release; role of prostaglandin E2 in the immunomodulation was also evaluated.
The results showed that ModulatistTM exhibited stronger immunomodulation than BMMSC and ADSC in vitro. ModulatistTM strongly suppressed allogeneic T cells proliferation and decreased cytokine production, compared to BMMSCs and ADSCs.
ModulatistTM is a strong immunomodulator and promising MSC product. It may be useful to modulate or treat autoimmune diseases.
KeywordsModulatistTM Mesenchymal stem cell Cytokines Immunomodulation T cell suppression Stem cell drug Immune diseases
- Umbilical cord-derived stem cells (ModulatistTM) show strong immunomodulation capacity compared to adipose tissue-derived or bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells
- Open Access
- Available under Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Biomedical Research and Therapy
- Online Date
- June 2016
- Online ISSN
- Laboratory of Stem Cell Research and Application
- Additional Links
- Mesenchymal stem cell
- T cell suppression
- Stem cell drug
- Immune diseases