Article

GSTF Journal of Psychology (JPsych)

, 2:15

First online:

RETRACTED ARTICLE: Ambiguous Emotional Processing and Embodiment

  • Brice BeffaraAffiliated withClermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal
  • , Marc OuelletAffiliated withClermont Université, Université Blaise PascalCNRS Clermont Université, Université Blaise Pascal
  • , Anamitra BasuAffiliated withSchool of Humanities, Social Sciences & Management, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar Email author 
  • , Martial MermillodAffiliated withClermont Université, Université Blaise PascalInstitut Universitaire de France, Université Blaise Pascal, CNRS
  • , Nicolas VermeulenAffiliated withPsychology Department, Universite catholique de Louvain(UCL)Belgium Fund for Scientific Research Louvain

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Abstract

Embodied simulation theory posits that perception of emotional signal can simulate related state in motor, somatosensory and affective systems. Electromyographic activity was recorded to predict the mimicry effect. We recorded EMG activity of 6 facial muscles during EFE identification/categorisation for investigating the effects of social valence contexts (positive , negative or neutral) on the perception of emotional facial expressions (EFE). EMG activity were recorded of the participants when they were looking at emotional facial expressions.EMG responses were enhanced irrespective of congruency between emotional facial expression and valence of social primes. Increased embodied responses were observed after exposure to social valence. We expected congruent primes should increase embodiment processes (i.e., a greater EMG activity for the muscles associated with that emotion).We observed that the effect of social prime was not systematic but highly dependent of the target emotion.

Keywords

Embodiment Theory Electromyography Emotional Facial Expressions Congruent Primes